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A Delphi Method Study on Triggering Transactional Distance to Improve Students’ Learning: the Instructor’s Rubric 1.1


The 21st century ushered in change with the increased use of technology in educational delivery methods and opened doors for a new generation of students. While the debate over pedagogy, content design and overall effectiveness of this delivery format continues, scholars have not attended to the lessons of earlier theorists. This study examined a foundational theory of distance education; transactional distance (TD) and the potential to increase academic learning via sets of parameters instigated by the instructor. These sets of variables are described in the Instructor’s Engagement Rubric 1.0, which was created through this study following a three-round investigation of current and anticipated behaviours discovered in this study and accomplished in accordance with the research methodologies of the Delphi Method. The responses to this Delphi study produced the following results: a) The technological tools in the transactional distance classroom are being used in a variety of manners and with little consistency as to a desired outcome; b) There is inconsistency with the identification of the role of the instructor in a TD classroom; c) The data also indicated that there are certain combinations of tools and purposeful interactions that can create an improved learning environment for the student. These data produced the Instructor’s Engagement Rubric 1.0 (IER 1.0), which is now available for use.